Chapter 6: Web2Py Installation

Web2py is an open source full stack framework. You can download web2py from You can install it on Windows, Apple Mac or any of the Linux distributions. Installation instruction is documented here In this chapter, we will show you how to install web2py in Ubuntu. Below is the quick installation steps to install and setup web2py on Ubuntu running Apache as the web server.

Install Required Packages

About My Linux

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ uname -a
Linux ubuntu-web2py 3.16.0-30-generic #40~14.04.1-Ubuntu SMP Thu Jan 15 17:43:14 UTC 2015 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ python --version
Python 2.7.6

anees@ubuntu-web2py:/$ ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:0c:29:98:c8:32
          inet addr:  Bcast:  Mask:
          inet6 addr: fe80::20c:29ff:fe98:c832/64 Scope:Link
          RX packets:97480 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:58948 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
          RX bytes:111218578 (111.2 MB)  TX bytes:10125393 (10.1 MB)

Install Required Packages for Python Development

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:~$ sudo apt-get install build-essential python-dev libsqlite3-dev libreadline6-dev libgdbm-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev sqlite3 zip libssl-dev

Install Python modules

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo apt-get install python-pip

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo pip install pyeapi

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo pip install jsonrpc

Install Apache

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo apt-get install apache2
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod wsgi
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod ssl
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod proxy
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod proxy_http
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod headers
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod expires
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo a2enmod rewrite

Create SSL Certificate

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo mkdir /etc/apache2/ssl
anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo sh -c 'openssl genrsa 1024 > /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.key'

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo chmod 400 /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.key

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo sh -c 'openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -sha1 -days 365 -key /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.key > /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.cert'
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:CA
Locality Name (eg, city) []:San Jose
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:Arista
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []:Services
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []
Email Address []

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ sudo sh -c 'sudo openssl x509 -noout -fingerprint -text < /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.cert > /etc/apache2/ssl/'

Install Web2Py

anees@ubuntu-web2py:~$ cd /home
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home$ sudo mkdir www-data
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home$ cd www-data/

anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home/www-data$ sudo wget

anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home/www-data$ sudo unzip
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home/www-data$ sudo mv web2py/handlers/ web2py/

anees@ubuntu-web2py:/home/www-data$ sudo chown -R www-data:www-data web2py

Configure Apache to use mod_wsgi

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:~$ cd /etc/apache2/sites-available

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:/etc/apache2/sites-available$ sudo vi web2py.conf

WSGIDaemonProcess web2py user=www-data group=www-data processes=1 threads=1

<VirtualHost *:80>

  RewriteEngine On
  RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on
  RewriteRule ^/?(.*) https://%{SERVER_NAME}/$1 [R,L]

  CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log common
  ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

<VirtualHost *:443>
  SSLEngine on
  SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.cert
  SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/ssl/self_signed.key

  WSGIProcessGroup web2py
  WSGIScriptAlias / /home/www-data/web2py/
  WSGIPassAuthorization On

  <Directory /home/www-data/web2py>
    AllowOverride None
    Require all denied
      Require all granted

  AliasMatch ^/([^/]+)/static/(?:_[\d]+.[\d]+.[\d]+/)?(.*) \

  <Directory /home/www-data/web2py/applications/*/static/>
    Options -Indexes
    ExpiresActive On
    ExpiresDefault "access plus 1 hour"
    Require all granted

  CustomLog /var/log/apache2/ssl-access.log common
  ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log


anees@ubuntu-web2py:/etc/apache2/sites-available$ cd ..
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/etc/apache2$ cd sites-enabled/
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/etc/apache2/sites-enabled$ sudo rm *.*
anees@ubuntu-web2py:/etc/apache2/sites-enabled$ sudo a2ensite web2py

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:/etc/apache2/sites-available$ sudo service apache2 restart

Start Web2Py Service

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:/etc/apache2/sites-available$ cd /home/www-data/web2py

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:/home/www-data/web2py $
sudo -u www-data python -c "from gluon.widget import console; console();"

anees@ubuntu-anees-1:/home/www-data/web2py $
sudo -u www-data python -c "from gluon.main import save_password; save_password(raw_input('admin password: '),443)"

***** You will be prompted to setup the web2py admin password ****
admin password:

Verify Web2Py Portal

Verify the web2py portal by launching from your browser. In our example, we will launch web2py portal using the url